Category Archives: Uncategorized

Eggs Increase Risk For Cardiovascular Disease

Eating even small amounts of egg, just half an egg a day, increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and premature death from all other measured causes (e.g. stroke and cancer) in this recent study:

Associations of Dietary Cholesterol or Egg Consumption With Incident Cardiovascular Disease and Mortality, Journal of the American Medical Association, March 2019

Findings: Among 29,615 adults pooled from 6 prospective cohort studies in the United States with a median follow-up of 17.5 years, each additional 300 mg of dietary cholesterol* consumed per day was significantly associated with higher risk of incident CVD and all-cause mortality, and each additional half an egg consumed per day was significantly associated with higher risk of incident CVD and all-cause mortality.

Conclusions: Among US adults, higher consumption of dietary cholesterol or eggs was significantly associated with higher risk of incident CVD and all-cause mortality in a dose-response manner.

* One egg contains about 200 mg of cholesterol.

It was a dose-response association so the more eggs one ate the greater their risks. Eggs are often hidden in baked goods. And cholesterol is found exclusively in animal foods; there’s no cholesterol in plant foods.

I ran through this exercise (see also my previous post: Eggs Increase Risk For Diabetes) because when I did a Google search on eggs, page after page of returns had articles claiming that eggs were healthy. But that’s not what the science says. How can that be?

Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine had the answer:

Unfortunately, Americans are on track to eat more eggs this year — about 279 eggs per person, on average — than they have in nearly five decades. Part of the problem is that the egg industry has scrambled the science, keeping Americans in the dark about the link between eggs and heart disease. In recent years, the majority of studies published on eggs and cholesterol have been funded by the egg industry itself — often resulting in misleading conclusions that downplay the dangers of eggs.

People are back to eating eggs. The egg industry won.

The Government’s Credibility Problem With UFOs/UAPs

UAP = Unidentified Aerial Phenomenon, the term the Navy now uses to describe UFOs.

Some inconsistencies:

1. The Pentagon said that they stopped funding research into UFOs/UAPs in 2012:

A Pentagon spokesman did not respond to requests from The Washington Post for comment, but in December [2017], the military confirmed the existence of a program* to investigate UFOs and said it had stopped funding the research in 2012.

But they also just said that they are investigating UFOs/UAPs. Which is it?

Navy spokesperson Joseph Gradisher: “The Navy and USAF [United States Air Force] take these reports very seriously and investigate each and every report.”

When you investigate, you spend money on equipment and salaries. What is the name of the program that oversees investigation (if no longer AATIP)? When did Congress allocate funds? It had to be after 2017 when the military said it had stopped investigating in 2012 … that’s 5 years of not investigating, right? Something doesn’t add up here.

2. The government said that these crafts do not come from non-terrestrial sources:

In November 2011, the White House released an official response to two petitions asking the U.S. government to acknowledge formally that aliens have visited Earth and to disclose any intentional withholding of government interactions with extraterrestrial beings.

According to the response, “The U.S. government has no evidence that any life exists outside our planet, or that an extraterrestrial presence has contacted or engaged any member of the human race.” Also, according to the response, there is “no credible information to suggest that any evidence is being hidden from the public’s eye.”

But they also said they don’t know where these UFOs/UAPs come from. The Navy has spent years investigating these crafts, 15 for the tic tac. They have been measured traveling over Mach 20 (20 times the speed of sound or 15,000 miles per hour), in controlled maneuvers, over periods of hours and days, without obvious forms of propulsion. From Walker’s letter:

Based on pilot accounts, encounters with these UAPs often involved complex flight patterns and advanced maneuvering, which demand extreme advances in quantum mechanics, nuclear science, electromagnetics, and thermodynamics.

The Navy has now officially ruled out all known terrestrial sources by labeling these crafts “unidentified.” If you’re saying you don’t know what something is or where it is from but you know for certain where it is not from, the onus is on you to provide evidence for that.

3. The government said “there is no credible information to suggest that any evidence is being hidden from the public’s eye.” Yet they also said that these videos weren’t supposed to be released:

“The videos were never officially released to the general public by the DoD [Department of Defense] and should still be withheld,” said Pentagon Spokesperson Susan Gough to The Black Vault earlier this year. Mr. Gradisher, on behalf of the Navy, confirms the Pentagon’s position this week by adding, “The Navy has not released the videos to the general public.”

So, there is no evidence hidden from the public eye and there is also evidence hidden from the public eye. You can’t have both.

About the first one, I was inclined to think they were being investigated. When you have strike-carrier groups, billion-dollar assets, being engaged by crafts with technology that can’t be identified or explained by current aeronautical knowledge, that you can’t defend against, why would you cut funding on research? It doesn’t make sense. But they said they did.

Here is a clip of a FLIR (Forward-Looking Infrared Radar) video that Navy fighters took in 2004, during the Nimitz incident. It’s the famous tic tac. This is one of the 3 videos the Navy just said contain images of an authentic UFO/UAP. The Pentagon said they are sure it is not extraterrestrial and also that they don’t know what it is. And even though they said no evidence is being hidden from the public eye, they kept this (and the rest of the video it was clipped from along with high-resolution images) from the public eye.

Eggs Increase Risk For Diabetes

Below are some studies that show an association between eating eggs and risk for type 2 diabetes (and gestational diabetes). Since there is a dose-response relationship – the more eggs you eat the greater your risk for diabetes – I’m going to guess that people who eat just a few eggs a week risk prediabetes, or high blood glucose just short of being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.

This review of 14 studies showed that those who consumed the most eggs increased their risk for diabetes by 68%. If they already had diabetes, they increased their risk for cardiovascular disease by 83%.

Egg Consumption And Risk Of Cardiovascular Diseases And Diabetes: A Meta-Analysis, Atherosclerosis, August 2013

Results: Fourteen studies involving 320,778 subjects were included. The pooled RRs of the risk of CVD, CVD for separated diabetes patients, and diabetes for the highest vs lowest egg intake were 1.19 (95% CI 1.02-1.38), 1.83 (95% CI 1.42-2.37), 1.68 (95% CI 1.41-2.00), respectively.

Conclusions: Our study suggests that there is a dose-response positive association between egg consumption and the risk of CVD and diabetes.

Another review found a 39% higher risk of diabetes in people who ate three or more eggs per week.

Egg Consumption And Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes: A Meta-Analysis Of Prospective Studies, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, February 2016.

Results: We identified 12 cohorts for a total of 219,979 subjects and 8911 cases of DM. … When stratified by geographic area, there was a 39% higher risk of DM (95% CI: 21%, 60%) comparing highest with lowest egg consumption in US studies. …  Elevated risk of DM was observed in US studies among people consuming ≥3 eggs/wk.

Egg consumption also increases the risk for gestational diabetes:

Risk of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in Relation to Maternal Egg and Cholesterol Intake, American Journal of Epidemiology, March 2011

Women who consumed the most eggs (7 or more eggs per week) had a 77% increased risk of diabetes in one study [Omega] and a 165% increased risk in another study [Alpha], compared with those who consumed the least.

Higher egg and cholesterol intakes are associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, their association with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has not been evaluated. The authors assessed such associations in both a prospective cohort study (The Omega Study, 1996–2008; 3,158 participants) and a case-control study (The Alpha Study, 1998–2002; 185 cases, 411 controls).

[n The Omega Study], women with high egg consumption (≥7/week) had a 1.77-fold increased risk compared with women with lower consumption (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.19, 2.63). The relative risk for the highest quartile of cholesterol intake (≥294 mg/day) versus the lowest (<151 mg/day) was 2.35 (95% CI: 1.35, 4.09).

In the [Alpha] case-control study, the adjusted odds ratio for consuming ≥7 eggs/week versus <7 eggs/week was 2.65 (95% CI: 1.48, 4.72), and the odds of GDM increased with increasing cholesterol intake (P for trend = 0.021).

In conclusion, high egg and cholesterol intakes before and during pregnancy are associated with increased risk of GDM.

Navy Just Stated Those Objects I’ve been Talking About Are Indeed Unidentified Aerial Phenomenon (Old Term UFO)

You know those objects I’ve been discussing? The ones Congressman Walker wrote a letter about to the Navy asking if they are being investigated? My guess was that they were drones. I’m wrong. The Navy just came out and said they don’t know what they are, and are taking the reports “very seriously.”

Here’s one as a refresher:

There’s been a flurry of news reports on the Navy’s statement. Here’s an excerpt from Vice. The parts in bold are actual quotes from Navy spokesperson Joseph Gradisher.

The Navy Says the UFOs in Tom DeLonge’s Videos Are ‘Unidentified Aerial Phenomena’, Vice, 17 September 2019

In official statements, the US Navy has for the first time officially stated that the three UFO videos made public by former Blink-182 singer Tom DeLonge’s UFO research organization are footage [which I’ve shown above] of real “unknown” objects violating American airspace.

Navy spokesperson Joseph Gradisher told Motherboard that “the Navy considers the phenomena contained/depicted in those 3 videos as unidentified.” Previously, the Navy never addressed the content of the videos.

In 2017 and 2018, three videos taken by Navy pilots from their aircraft made national news. In December 2017, The New York Times ran a story about Navy pilots who intercepted a strange object off the coast of San Diego on November 14th, 2004, and managed to shoot video of the object with their F-18’s gun camera. Another video, which we now know the date of due to Greenwald’s request for information, was taken on January 21st, 2015, shows another anomalous aerial vehicle rotating as pilots comment on how strange the object is over their communication system. Months later, DeLonge, through his organization, To the Stars Academy, released a third video showing an object quickly fly over the surface of the water. That video was also recorded on January 21st, 2015 raising speculation that the two videos shot that day show the same object.

Earlier this year, the US Navy officially changed its policy to make it easier for its personnel to report sightings of anomalous aerial vehicles due to the number of reports of “unauthorized and/or unidentified aircraft entering various military-controlled training ranges and designated airspace,” Gradisher told Motherboard. “The Navy and USAF [United States Air Force] take these reports very seriously and investigate each and every report.”

The information obtained from each individual report of any suspected training range incursion will be investigated in its own right. The information obtained in these reports will be catalogued and analyzed for the purpose of identifying any hazard to our aviators,” Gradisher said. “Any report generated as a result of these investigations will, by necessity, include classified information on military operations. Therefore, no release of information to the general public is expected.

With this official statement, the Navy takes an unprecedented and dramatic shift from the US government’s long held company-line that there’s nothing to the whole UFO phenomenon. Even going back to the Air Force’s official investigations into UFOs, which ran under several different program names from 1948–1970, never before has a branch of the American military pointed to a picture or video of an object and stated—this is a true unknown or unidentified aerial object.

According to the Navy, UFOs are real, and that question is no longer up for debate. The evidence that these unidentified objects are otherworldly or extraterrestrial though is still very much the realm of speculation.

The only conclusion we can draw is that if the most advanced and powerful military on the planet bumps into objects in its own airspace that it cannot identify, everyone should be a little worried.


U.S. Navy official confirms “unidentified aerial phenomena” in previously released videos, CBS News, 18 September 2019

The US Navy just confirmed these UFO videos are the real deal, CNN, 18 September 2019

Navy Confirms Existence of ‘Unidentified’ Flying Objects Seen in Leaked Footage, Time, 18 September 2019

Navy Confirms: Those UFO Videos Are Real And Never Should’ve Been Released, HuffPost, 18 September 2019

Navy Acknowledges That UFO Videos Shared by Tom DeLonge Contain ‘Unidentified Aerial Phenomena’, People, 18 September 2019
The Navy’s statement Tuesday marks the first time the objects shown in previously released videos have been officially acknowledged by the military organization

UFO videos are footage of real ‘unidentified’ objects, US Navy acknowledges, FoxNews, 17 September 2019

U.S. Navy says it’s tracking UFOs, San Diego Union-Tribune, 17 September 2019
The Navy acknowledged for the first time last week that ‘unidentified aerial phenomena’ shown in widely-disseminated videos are real

The Navy Says Those UFO Videos Are Real, Popular Mechanics, 16 September 2019
And they were never meant to be released to the public.

Study Finds Eating Less Fat Increases Fat Taste Sensitivity

When people stop eating sugar, their threshold for the taste of sweet goes down. They report that naturally-sweet foods, such as fruit, taste sweeter. Does the same hold true for fat? It appears so:

Dietary Fat Restriction Increases Fat Taste Sensitivity In People With Obesity, Obesity, 6 January 2016

Fat perception, which was measured as the discrimination ability to rank different fat concentration, significantly increased only in the low-fat (LF) diet group.

This was also interesting:

The present study found a positive relationship between BMI and fat taste thresholds at week 6 for both groups combined, such that those with a higher BMI had higher fat taste thresholds, i.e., they were less sensitive to fatty acids. Previous research has demonstrated similar associations between fat taste sensitivity and BMI.

A higher fat taste threshold means food would have to have more fat in it before the eater would say, “this tastes fatty.” It was just an association. But it makes sense, no? That someone with a high fat taste threshold would have a high BMI?

The low-fat group in this study were eating about 25% of their calories as fat. An average American diet gets around 32-35% of its calories from fat. So, you could call this a low-fat diet, relatively. But the low-fat vegan diet I talk about, which includes no added oils or fats, gets about 15% of its calories from fat. That’s similar to the Cuban’s diet during their “Special Period” when food imports were restricted, and more than the traditional Okinawan diet. Imagine how sensitive you would be to fat if you were eating these very low fat diets?

More Aliens Not Aliens

Spiders look alien to me. Did you know most have 8 eyes? I didn’t.

Photo of a wolf spider. It has eight eyes, four in the center of the photo, two large eyes above that, and two eyes above that, on the back of the head. Photo Credit: Thomas Shahan, Wikmedia Commons

From How Many Eyes Does a Spider Have?

  • There are two main types of spiders, hunting spiders and web weaving spiders. Depending on how they feed, their bodies and their eyes are different shapes and sizes.
  • In general, web building spiders tend to have poor eyesight and rely very much on touch, vibration, and chemical cues to find their prey.
  • Hunting spiders are the spiders that don’t build webs, instead they either build traps in the ground or run around leaping on other insects and eating them. This is why you see spiders on the kitchen floor at night when you turn on the light and they scuttle off. You interrupted their “bug hunting.”
  • Spiders usually have eight or fewer eyes (some have six or less).
  • A few spiders can also detect polarized light, like bees and some birds, and they can use this ability to find prey. Some, like jumping spiders, can also see ultraviolet light.
  • Hunting spiders that have very good eyesight, during the day, include wolf spiders, jumping spiders, bolas spiders, and net-casting spiders.

Wikipedia: Spider

Some jumping spiders’ visual acuity exceeds by a factor of ten that of dragonflies, which have by far the best vision among insects; in fact the human eye is only about five times sharper than a jumping spider’s. They achieve this by a telephoto-like series of lenses, a four-layer retina and the ability to swivel their eyes and integrate images from different stages in the scan.

Maybe aliens have multiple pairs of eyes like spiders. Maybe they can see ultraviolet light.  Maybe they have a decentralized brain like an octopus. Maybe they can fly, or leap tall buildings in a single bound (they might be able to if they came from a planet with stronger gravity). Maybe they have such impressive ability to camouflage, like a cuttlefish, that they’re already here hiding in plain sight. I’m trying to think out of the box here.

Need For Long-Chain Omega-3 Fatty Acids (EPA, DHA) Can Be Met By Plant-Based Diet

No supplements necessary.

Omega-3 DHA supplements have been shown to raise LDL cholesterol levels.

Here’s the conclusion of the study below:

In the absence of convincing evidence for the deleterious effects resulting from the lack of DHA from the diet of vegetarians, it must be concluded that needs for omega-3 fatty acids can be met by dietary ALA.

DHA Status of Vegetarians, Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, And Essential Fatty Acids, August – September 2009

ALA is alpha-linolenic acid, an omega-3 (n-3) fatty acid found abundantly in plant food. The body uses it as a substrate to make EPA and DHA. Here’s a list I made in a prior post (A Vegan Can Get Enough Omega-3 Without Taking A Supplement) of the total omega-3 content of some common plant-based foods, most of the n-3 is probably in the ALA form. Even very low-fat foods like spinach and cauliflower contain respectable amounts of omega-3.

Walnuts, 7 halves, 1282 mg
Flaxseed, ground, 1 teaspoon, 570 mg
Chia seeds, whole, 1 teaspoon, 350 mg
Kidney Beans, boiled, 252 mg
Frozen spinach, 1/4 cup, 176 mg
Brussels sprouts, 1/2 cup, boiled, 135 mg
Cauliflower, 1/2 cup, boiled, 104 mg
Broccoli frozen, not cooked, 82 mg
Pistachios, raw, 25 nuts, 36 mg
Oatmeal, dry, 1/3 cup, 27 mg
Red sweet pepper, 1/2 cup, 19 mg
Zucchini, 1/2 cup, cooked, 12 mg

Here are a few more bits from that study. On cardiovascular disease:

It has been postulated that an increased intake of DHA may decrease risk of cardiovascular disease, possibly by affecting the susceptibility to cardiac arrhythmia [31]. However, obesity/overweight is less common in vegetarians and vegans than omnivores and blood pressure tends to be lower [32]. Serum total and LDL cholesterol concentrations are also lower among vegetarians and especially vegans [2,8,15] compared with meat eaters, which would retard the development of atherosclerosis. This observation is consistent with the favorable effect of a strict vegetarian diet on atherosclerosis progression [33].

DHA supplements can increase LDL:

It is notable that Geppert et al. [10] reported a 6.9% increase in LDL cholesterol with 0.9g DHA/d in vegetarians. We reported a 7.1% and a 10.4% increase in LDL cholesterol with 0.7 and 1.5g DHA/d in omnivores [35,36], respectively.

On cognition:

Giem et al. [39] were unable to demonstrate any increase in risk of dementia in Seventh Day Adventist vegetarians. Furthermore, we have been unable to find any evidence of cognitive impairment [40] in vegan men — the National Adult Reading Test [41], which is a standard test to measure pre-morbid IQ, was on average 119 (range 101 to 128) in 118 vegan men.

Vegans are a healthy lot.