[3-2-2011] The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is informing the public that prescription proton pump inhibitor (PPI) drugs [e.g. esomeprazole magnesium (Nexium®) and lansoprazole (Prevacid®)] may cause low serum magnesium levels (hypomagnesemia) if taken for prolonged periods of time (in most cases, longer than one year). In approximately one-quarter of the cases reviewed, magnesium supplementation alone did not improve low serum magnesium levels and the PPI had to be discontinued.
Early signs of magnesium deficiency include loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, and weakness. As magnesium deficiency worsens, numbness, tingling, muscle contractions and cramps, seizures, personality changes, abnormal heart rhythms, and coronary spasms can occur.
Habitually low intakes of magnesium induce changes in biochemical pathways that can increase the risk of illness over time. Four conditions in which magnesium might be involved:
– Hypertension and cardiovascular disease
– Type 2 diabetes
– Migraine headaches