Substitution Of Red Meat With Legumes In The Therapeutic Lifestyle Change Diet Based On Dietary Advice Improves Cardiometabolic Risk Factors In Overweight Type 2 Diabetes Patients: A Cross-over Randomized Clinical Trial, European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Online: 29 October 2014
Conclusions: Dietary advice given for substitution of red meat with legume intakes within a TLC diet improved lipid profiles and glycemic control among diabetes patients, which were independent from BMI change.
They were instructed to replace 2 servings of meat with different types of legumes (lentils, chickpeas, peas, and other beans) on 3 days each week for 8 weeks. Half a cup of cooked legumes was considered one serving of meat. The bean group ended up eating about the same amount of calories, carbohydrate, fat, and protein as the meat group. They did, however, eat significantly less cholesterol, and significantly more fiber and magnesium than the meat eaters.